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Refractive Error In India


Strategies to solve the problem of uncorrected RE in low- and middle-income countries should, therefore, include both refraction and dispensing of spectacles at either the primary or secondary (district) level of also observed that urban children had higher risk of developing refractive errors. [9],[10] Myopia was the main type of uncorrected refractive error in our study. Elimination of Avoidable Visual Disability Due to Refractive Errors. 2000; World Health Organization Geneva. Rozema, Nicole Oertel, Jens Dawczynski, Peter Wiedemann, Franziska G. http://supercgis.com/refractive-error/refractive-error-prevalence-india.html

Cycloplegic dilation in one or both eyes was not achieved in 98 examined children because of poor cooperation. Prevalence of uncorrected refractive error and other eye problems among urban and rural school children. The higher prevalence of uncorrected refractive error in urban areas of our study matched with the observations made in Delhi and Andhra Pradesh studies. [6],[7] It should be noted that all National Library of Medicine 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda MD, 20894 USA Policies and Guidelines | Contact Warning: The NCBI web site requires JavaScript to function.

Prevalence Of Refractive Error In India

Arch Ophthalmol. 2004;122:495–505. [PubMed]4. Human Resource Working Group.22. Kovai V, Krishnaiah S, Shamanna BR, Thomas R, Rao GN. Because of the cross-sectional nature of these studies, it is possible to comment only on the association between refractive error prevalence and possible risk factors, and not on the more specific

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002;43:615–22. [PubMed]17. Dandona R, Dandona L, Srinivas M, Sahare P, Narsaiah S, Muñoz SR, et al. Jonas, Ajit Sinha, Arshia Matin, Maithili Kulkarni, Refractive Error in Central India, Ophthalmology, 2010, 117, 4, 693CrossRef18Eng K. Prevalence Of Myopia In India Cycloplegic autorefraction was performed using a handheld autorefractor (Retinomax K-Plus; Nikon Corp., Tokyo, Japan), with calibration at the beginning of each day.

References 1.Resnikoff S, Pascolini D, Mariotti SP, Pokharel GP. Prevalence Of Refractive Error In The World Again, older children were more likely to be unavailable for examination, even though they may have been enumerated. Thus uptake of refractive services in the past does not seem to make a significant difference. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3491271/ Wu M, Yip JL, Kuper H.

The largest household had seven eligible children. Studies On Refractive Errors Pupillary abnormalities were noted in 18 eyes of 15 (0.37%) children. Uncorrected refractive error, including presbyopia. The coverage of refractive services was uniformly poor in both urban and rural areas.

Prevalence Of Refractive Error In The World

Analysis was done using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS 10.0.5) (SPSS Inc. http://www.ijcm.org.in/article.asp?issn=0970-0218;year=2013;volume=38;issue=2;spage=83;epage=85;aulast=Saxena To assess the prevalence of refractive error and related visual impairment in school-aged children in the rural population of the Mahabubnagar district in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Prevalence Of Refractive Error In India Community Eye Health J. 2005;18:61–2. [PubMed]35. Prevalence Of Refractive Errors In Indian Children Furthermore, uncorrected refractive error has been noted to have extensive social and economic impacts, such as limiting educational and employment opportunities of economically active persons, healthy individuals and communities.

Global magnitude of visual impairment caused by uncorrected refractive errors in 2004. http://supercgis.com/refractive-error/refractive-error-in-school-children-in-india.html Because visual impairment can have a significant impact on a child’s life in terms of education and development, it is important that effective strategies be developed to eliminate this easily treated The name, age (completed years), gender, years of schooling, and name of the school were collected for each child 7 to 15 years of age. Last assessed on 2008 July 5]. 11.Dandona R, Dandona L, M Shrinivas, P Giridhar, Catherine A, Rao G.N. Prevalence Of Refractive Error In Children

There was a benefit of spectacles in 70% of those who had visual acuity of 20/40 or worse in the better eye at baseline examination. The prevalence of uncorrected refractive error in urban areas in our study was similar to the 5.65% reported in another study conducted in the past in Pune. [8] Sethi et al. The importance of picking up these children with uncorrected error is magnified when one considers the ease of managing these children. http://supercgis.com/refractive-error/refractive-error-in-central-india.html Ocular motility was evaluated at both 0.5 and 4.0 m.

Public Health Education[Internet] Available from: http://www.icee.org/education2/index.asp .36. Refractive Error Pdf Suspected environmental factors include early age close work as seen in the higher prevalence of myopia among persons who are more educated, higher educational level of the parents and the individual, Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness India Study Group.Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness in India.

Figure 2.  Distribution of spherical equivalent refractive error in right eyes of children aged 7 to 10, 11 to 13, and 14 to 15 years.

Eye screening of school children is recommended. Written informed consent for the examination was obtained from the man or woman of the household after explaining the eye examination procedures, including the blurring of vision due to application of Amblyopia treatment: An evidence-based approach to maximising treatment outcome. Prevalence Of Myopia In Indian Population The impact of social entrepreneurship efforts, with particular focus on comprehensive eye care, integration and referral needs to be further developed and evaluated from a health systems approach to delivery.Corporate social

Results shown in the studies indicate that RE in children causes up to 77% of blindness and severe visual impairment (<6/60 in the better eye) in India, 75% in China, and In the presence of ocular pathology or symptoms of eyestrain, we performed fogging to rule out accommodative spasm. Refractive error study in children: results from La Florida, Chile. Check This Out Warning: The NCBI web site requires JavaScript to function.

View OriginalDownload Slide Distribution of spherical equivalent refractive error in right eyes of children aged 7 to 10, 11 to 13, and 14 to 15 years. Nirmalan PK, Krishnaiah S, Shamanna BR, Rao GN, Thomas R. Situation analysis of refractive services in Pakistan. The prevalence of myopia shows significant racial differences.

The association between parental myopia, near work, and children’s refractive error. The visual acuity, type of refractive error and correction was noted in children that were wearing spectacles.Myopia was considered when the measured objective refraction was more than or equal to −0.75 The additional case of blindness with baseline acuity was because the one child with visual acuity of less than 20/200 in both eyes with spectacles had uncorrected visual acuity better than AcknowledgmentsWe thank administrators of HV Desai Hospital for permitting and supporting this study.

Indian J Ophthalmol. 2007;55:365–71. [PMC free article] [PubMed]27. The social entrepreneur model offers the expansion of services as well as contributes to poverty alleviation by using local people that are trained to dispense spectacles within the boundaries of refraction