Update on Asian eyelid anatomy and clinical relevance. The ptosis may be combined with an eye movement disorder with resultant double vision. Eleven of the ptotic eyes (16.4%) with amblyopia were due to refractive errors, including SER, amblyogenic astigmatism, myopia, and hyperopia; among these, amblyogenic astigmatism had the highest incidence, involving 8 eyes Screen reader users, click the load entire article button to bypass dynamically loaded article content. Source
This study is an analysis of different kinds of ptosis. 154 eyes (98 ptotic eyes) of 77 patients with congenital ptosis aged > or = 1 year (56 unilateral ptoses: 45 Strabismus. 2000;8(4):261–70.View ArticlePubMedGoogle ScholarDray JP, Leibovitch I. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. Medical and socio-demographic information were extracted from electronic medical records.
Children are usually monitored regularly for vision abnormalities. Twelve (14.8%) of the 81 patients diagnosed with simple congenital ptosis had amblyopia, 7 (8.6%) cases of which solely were the result of eyelid occlusion of the visual axis. The prevalence of bilateral and unilateral ptosis was 1.3% (95% CI: 1.0–1.7) and 3.4% (95% CI: 2.8–4.0), respectively. Member Homepage ▶ Pay Member Dues ▶ Are you a medical professional, interested in joining AAPOS?
Amblyogenic astigmatism was more common in ptotic eyes. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1091853111005210 Orbit. 2014;33(2):91–5.View ArticlePubMedGoogle ScholarThibos LN, Horner D. The mean cylinder error was 1.63 ± 1.72 and 0.44 ± 0.60 in ptotic and non-ptotic eyes, respectively (p50.001). Age- and gender-matched control patients (n = 9,632) were randomly selected from the district members.
Patients with congenital ptosis have higher rate of amblyopia due to greater prevalence of strabismus and refractive errors although stimulus deprivation amblyopia is less common. this contact form Twelve (6%) patients had nystagmus. Altogether were found: Hyperopia > or = 3 dpt in 28.6 % (n = 28); astigmatism > or = 1 dpt in 63.3 % (n = 62), anisometropia in 27.3 % SWY participated in information gathering and editing.
Refractive error examination Cycloplegic refraction was measured after three administrations of 1% cyclopentolate and 0.5% phenylephrine eye drops at 15-min intervals. A p-value <0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Relative short term follow-up period is also another limitation. have a peek here However, in terms of the frequency of various types of astigmatism, the occurrence of OA was significantly higher after surgery than before surgery.
Availability of data and materials All data supporting the findings is contained within the manuscript. Consent for publication Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of individual clinical data. Funding No funding was received by any of the authors for the writing of this manuscript.
We also evaluated the severity of astigmatism. Children with congenital ptosis are at risk of anisometropic and strabismic amblyopia, which may progress during early development. Keywords Amblyogenesis Amblyopia Astigmatism Congenital ptosis Refractive error BackgroundCongenital blepharoptosis is as an eyelid disorder frequently associated with amblyopia, refractive error, anisometropia, and strabismus [1–3]. Previous studies of the causes of amblyopia in the general population reported that approximately one-third of cases are the result of anisometropia, one-third are the result of strabismus, and the remaining
We compared the refractive error, astigmatism, and astigmatic axis between ptotic and fellow eyes. Amblyopia was more likely to occur in cases with greater relative eyelid asymmetry and did not develop in children with symmetric ptosis. Most Common Searches Adult Strabismus Amblyopia Cataract Conjunctivitis Corneal Abrasions Dilating Eye Drops Lazy eye (defined) Pink eye (defined) Retinopathy of Prematurity Strabismus Stye (defined) Vision Screening Vision Screening Recommendations Find http://supercgis.com/refractive-error/refractive-error-in-eye.html We excluded patients with these conditions, because different systemic conditions can affect refractive errors, and we wanted to chracterize only ptosis-related eyelid effects on refraction.
Acquired ptosis has many possible causes. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2010;47(2):101–4.View ArticlePubMedGoogle ScholarGusek-Schneider GC, Martus P. What causes acquired ptosis? Authors’ contributions JSP drafted the manuscript and performed the literature review.
Forty-three patients had bilateral amblyopia and 40 had unilateral amblyopia, with 26 (65%) of these undergoing occlusion treatment. Age- and gender-matched control patients (n = 9,632) were randomly selected from the district members. Some refractive data 12months after ptosis surgery were missed, so we can use these data only in power vector analyses. A better understanding of the patho-physiological association between these factors and pediatric ptosis may help its prevention and treatment.
Congenital ptosis and amblyopia: a retrospective study of 130 cases. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. The subgroups of congenital ptosis differ in frequency of amblyogenic factors. We evaluated corneal topography and keratometry examination only in cases with very severe refractive errors, so we cannot use these data in comparing between groups.Considering refractive changes before and after surgery,
The observed prevalence of ptosis was 3.1% in the 45- to 49-year age group and 5.8% in 65- to 69-year-olds. Visual impairment due to amblyopia was found in 15 cases (19.2%) of congenital ptosis with mixed strabismic and refractive etiology as the commonest one (46.7%) followed by pure strabismic (26.7%), pure Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2014;25(5):436–42.View ArticlePubMedGoogle ScholarStein A, Kelly JP, Weiss AH. Of the 67 ptotic eyes in this report, only 3 eyes (4.5%) had occlusive stimulus deprivation-type amblyopia.
Grinpentrog et al.  reported that in a cohort study, amblyopia occurred in one in seven children diagnosed with ptosis, and that half of those were the result of eyelid occlusion