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Refractive Error Study In Children India


Hence, a total ocular morbidity including refractive error was seen in 14.6%.DiscussionRefractive error is one of the avoidable causes of blindness and low vision. The 95% limits of agreement between the two methods were− 0.615 and +0.353 D in right-eye measurements, and −0.607 and +0.390 in left-eye measurements. Amblyopia was considered the cause of impairment in eyes with best corrected visual acuity of 20/40 or worse and no apparent organic lesion, so long as one or more of the Shrestha,K.S. http://supercgis.com/refractive-error/refractive-error-in-school-children-in-india.html

Presenting vision is defined by the visual acuity in the better eye unaided or using currently available refractive correction in spectacle wearers. This Article Abstract Full text PDF Services Email this link to a friend Alert me when this article is cited Alert me if a correction is posted Alert me when eletters All the parents were advised to be present on the day of examination. Trop Med Int Health.1996:314-319. 12. http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2200127

Prevalence Of Refractive Error In India

Jialiang (2000)4 in 12.8% in China, Trivedi (2006)11 in 2.7% in Gujrat, and Pokhrel (2000) in 1.62% in Jhapa. Refractive error study in children: results from La Florida, Chile. The majority of the children with blindness were female in both the studies. But, our study was limited to only few schools and sample coverage was poor.

Purchase this article with an account. Jialiang,P. The study was done after approval by Research and Publication Committee of the Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Faculty of Addis Ababa University. Pubmed Cycloplegic autorefraction was performed using a handheld autorefractor (Retinomax K-Plus; Nikon Corp., Tokyo, Japan), with calibration at the beginning of each day.

Ellwen Leon B. Prevalence Of Refractive Error In The World Jhapa has a literacy rate of 66.93% which is highest in Nepal after the capital city Kathmandu.6All the schools were sent written information detailing the purpose of the eye examination, and Copyright 2002 The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc. 2,319 Views 192 Citations View Metrics × Related Articles Refractive Error and Visual Impairment in Urban Children in Southern China my review here April - June 2011 | Next article J Optom 2011;4:49-55 - Vol. 4 Num.2 DOI: 10.1016/S1888-4296(11)70041-3 Ahead of Print / Home / Archive Archive Past Issues / Section Index /

Effective strategies need to be devised to provide low cost corrective spectacles in the rural community.Keywords: Refractive error, visual acuity, visual impairment, childrenIntroductionRefractive error is one of the most common causes Geneva: WHO, 1997. 3. Clustering effects were taken into account in the calculation of confidence intervals for prevalence estimates and in regression analyses. We would like to thank Mr.

Prevalence Of Refractive Error In The World

No significant associations were found in the multiple-regression modeling for hyperopia. Refractive error study in children: results from Shunyi District, China. Prevalence Of Refractive Error In India Please review our privacy policy. Prevalence Of Refractive Error In Children Five children (0.12%) remained blind after best correction: one because of bilateral corneal opacities after high fever in early childhood, two because of bilateral retinal disorders (heredomacular degeneration), one because of

The district was geographically classified in to peasant associations (PAs), which is taken as 1st stage cluster. http://supercgis.com/refractive-error/refractive-error-study-in-children-resc.html Generated Wed, 26 Oct 2016 20:25:56 GMT by s_wx1085 (squid/3.5.20) ERROR The requested URL could not be retrieved The following error was encountered while trying to retrieve the URL: Connection All the children attending the schools visited were included in the study. Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India.AbstractPURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of refractive error and related visual impairment in school-aged children in the rural population of the Mahabubnagar district in the southern Indian Prevalence Of Refractive Errors In Indian Children

Out of these, 54% were boys. Visual acuity was measured at 4 m, using a retroilluminated log minimum angle of resolution (MAR) chart with five E optotypes on each line (Precision Vision, La Salle, IL), and recorded The Mahabubnagar district has 64 mandals (administrative units) of which five mandals with villages within a 50-km radius of the rural eye center were chosen for the study. Check This Out Kumar JV, Singh PC, Ahuja J, Mohan U.

In these clusters, all children with uncorrected visual acuity of 20/40 or worse in either eye and approximately 10% of other children had second evaluations of uncorrected visual acuity, retinoscopy, and The number of enumerated children per cluster ranged from 115 to 340.  Of these 4414 children, 4074 were examined—a participation rate of 92.3%. Astigmatism of 0.75 D or more was found in 2.8% of right eyes and 2.9% of left eyes with retinoscopy.

The eye examination in APEDS has been described in detail previously.6,7 In brief, this included measurement of presenting and best corrected distance and near visual acuities under standardised conditions with logMAR

Vertical bars: SDs. One child with congenital eye anomaly had retinochoroidal coloboma involving optic disc and macula. Please try the request again. Vertical bars: SDs.View OriginalDownload Slide Figure 2.

In Pokhrel report, the prevalence of myopia was described as −0.5 diopter or less in either eye, hyperopia 2 diopters or greater in either eye, and astigmatism of 0.75 cylindrical diopter Table 4. View Table Prevalence of Astigmatism with Cycloplegic Retinoscopy and Cycloplegic AutorefractionTable 4. Prevalence of Astigmatism with Cycloplegic Retinoscopy and Cycloplegic Autorefraction Astigmatism (D) Retinoscopy Autorefraction Right Eye Left Eye Children* Right Eye Prevalence of refractive error which was 6.5% (ODD-0.7) in age 5-7 years increased to 10.1% (ODD=1.3) in age 14-16 years in the children suggesting that refractive error was prevalent more in this contact form In multiple logistic regression, astigmatism in the right eye was associated with female gender with both retinoscopy and autorefraction (P = 0.006 and P = 0.028, respectively) and with older age

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002;43:623–631. [PubMed]10Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. View this table: In this window In a new window Table 1 Causes of blindness in children. Pokharel,H. Only children with cycloplegic dilation in both eyes were included in refractive error analyses.

The other major causes of either unilateral or bilateral subnormal visual acuity were retinal causes, corneal opacity, and strabismic amblyopia with proportion of 10.8%, 8.1% and 5.4% respectively. Related Content Load related web page information Social bookmarking CiteULike Delicious Digg Facebook Google+ Mendeley Reddit Twitter What's this? Br J Ophthalmol. 2000;84:1291–1297. [PMC free article] [PubMed]19. The epidemiology of myopia.